Brexit: Liz Truss claims trade with the EU is ‘bouncing back’
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National Insurance contributions and other social security payments for UK workers can be affected by where they are based. For those who work in the EU, Norway or Switzerland, usually only one set of social security payments will be needed.
UK workers will usually only have to pay into one country’s social security system if they’re based in Europe.
This will usually be in the country where the work takes place.
However, where people work in certain occupations or are only working temporarily in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, they may be able to get a certificate or document from HMRC to continue paying NI in the UK.
This means they’ll not have to pay social security contributions abroad.
NI rules may be altered by EU travel restrictions (Image: GETTY)
Recently however, HMRC has been forced to update these rules in light of ongoing coronavirus uncertainty.
This week, HMRC detailed: “If you normally work in the UK or the EU and your work location has changed temporarily because of coronavirus (COVID-19) travel restrictions, HMRC can consider your individual circumstances to decide if you should pay National Insurance contributions in the UK.
“If you need proof that you have to pay UK National Insurance contributions, you should apply for a certificate or document and include details of the COVID-19 restrictions.”
Generally, workers will continue to only pay NI in the UK if they have the relevant certificate or document from HMRC.
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Workers, or their employers, should apply for a certificate or document if they’re:
- Going to work temporarily in the EU for up to two years
- A multistate worker working in the UK and one or more EU countries
- A civil servant working for the UK Government
- Working onboard a vessel at sea, with a UK flag
- Working as a flight or cabin crew member, where the home base is in the UK
Coronavirus continues to impact travel rules (Image: EXPRESS)
Additionally, there are slightly different rules for those working in Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland.
Full details on these rules can be found on the Government’s website.
Where people think they’re eligible for a certificate or document, they should apply under the following parameters:
- Your employer sends you to work temporarily in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland – form CA3822
- You’re normally self-employed in the UK and you’re going to temporarily carry out some activities in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland – form CA3837
- You’re working in two or more of the UK, EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland – form CA8421
- You’re flight or cabin crew with a home base in the UK – form CA8421
- You’re a UK civil servant or other government worker – form CA3822
- You’re a UK resident who works on a vessel at sea with a UK flag or an EU, Norwegian, Icelandic or Swiss flag but you’re paid by someone based in the UK – form CA3822
HMRC details if a person needs to check if a change in their situation stops the existing social security rules from applying to them, they’ll need to send a letter to HMRC detailing what the circumstances were, what’s changed and when the changes occured.
These letters should be sent to: PT Operations North East England, HM Revenue and Customs, BX9 1AN.
Following this, HMRC will let affected individuals know if more information is needed.
Impartial guidance on NI and other taxes can be sought from the likes of Citizens Advice and Money Helper.