Energy Stocks Look Cheap if Oil Prices Are an Indicator

A Chevron customer looks under the hood of his car at a Chevron service station

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Text size

The price of oil has had a strong 2021 run. Oil stocks haven’t fully responded in kind, creating a potential buying opportunity. 

The price of WTI Crude oil is up about 45% year-to-date as reopenings and trillions of dollars of fiscal stimulus have jolted economic demand. 

Energy stocks have also performed handsomely. The 

Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund

(ticker: XLE), which counts oil majors

Exxon Mobil

(XOM) and


(CVX) as its two largest holdings, has risen about 30.5% for the year. That outpaces the

S&P 500’s

gain in that time by about 11 percentage points. 

But stock gains for energy companies should be stronger than that, given historical trends. With crude oil recently trading around $70 a barrel, the average S&P 500 energy stock should have outperformed the broader index by several times greater than the outperformance seen in 2021, according to Citigroup data.

The bank’s data show a tight correlation between the price of crude oil and the outperformance of energy stocks, dating back to 1995. Recently, the two have become decorrelated. Now, “the [energy] stocks look underpriced given the rebound in crude,” writes Tobias Levkovich, chief U.S. equity strategist at Citigroup. 

Others on Wall Street have also noted the fairly cheap price of energy stocks. Strategists at Truist recently wrote that energy stocks have been in an “oversold” condition. Just a week ago, none of the S&P 500 energy stocks were trading above their 50-day moving averages.

On the flip side, the relatively disappointing performance of energy stocks could signify that the price of crude oil is bound to drop.

To be sure, investors have recently been grappling with the strong possibility that the U.S. has already seen the fastest economic growth it will see for the current economic expansion, a dynamic that isn’t positive for oil demand. The price of oil—and the energy fund—have both fallen from 2021 peaks hit in July and June, respectively. 

But those who believe in strengthening oil demand can believe in oil stocks from here. 

Write to Jacob Sonenshine at

Roy Walsh

Roy Walsh

Related post